MAY 2007 - MASTERS
Joey Nicole Pucci - Preliminary Validation of An Attitudes Toward
purpose of this thesis was to examine the quality of the Attitudes Towards Prostitution (ATP) Scale while conducting a preliminary
validation. A total of 325 participants completed the research for this study. Prior
to the study, a portion of the ATP scale had been used in a diversion program for men arrested for soliciting prostitution,
the Prostitution Offender Program of British Columbia (POPBC). An exploratory
factor analysis identified multiple factors underlying the items included. The
vast majority of the ninety items tested loaded significantly in the factor analysis suggesting that they were measuring the
same underlying construct. To improve the clarity of the measure, eighteen of
the ninety items were dropped from the original scale. The factors in the seventy-two
item analysis revealed salient coefficients on four factors.
Krystal Letourneau - Attitudes of Human Trafficking in Nevada
A form of modern day slavery
is going on in this country that indentures and oppresses many young children, women, and men, forcing them into prostitution
or domestic servitude. This modern slavery is called human trafficking and new efforts are beginning to address this social
problem in the United States. For example, the US is attempting to increase its prosecution of the traffickers
or pimps. The United States has a policy in place that allows the victims
of trafficking to stay in the United States
as a witness until their traffickers are prosecuted. Once the trial is over, however, the victims are then forced to leave
and return to their home country (Congress 2000).
The scientific community
has no idea if the general public has recognized human trafficking is even a problem or is aware of the extent of the problem
due to a dearth of research. It is important to gauge the general public’s understanding of the problem of trafficking
because if the general public assumes the problem is quite small or only happens in other countries, then it is possible that
politicians have the same assumptions. Any legislation based on misinformation
may by problematic and not assist the victims it intends to. This study focused on perceptions of human trafficking among
students currently living in a State with one of the largest trafficking problems in the United States (Farley, 2006).
Participants were polled as to their perceptions of victims of trafficking. Their attitudes were considered in light
of the assumptions expressed in the Trafficking of Victims Protection Act of 2000 and its two amendments.